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Proposal Programs of Development Integral for the Republic De Haiti

Jorge Cosme Casulo

Professor subject Public Health, in the Ability of Medicine No.1, University of Medical Sciences of Santiago from Cuba, Cuba

Received: April 4, 2020; Accepted: April 30, 2020; Published: May 22, 2020

ABSTRACT

Haiti is a country that comes ballasting for a lot of time, serious social problems that together to the different natural disasters to those that has been subjected, has accumulated an extremely negative square of the state of the population's health(1) Soon after the earthquake of January of the 2010 and the beginning of the epidemic of cholera in November of that same year, this situation was increased and now more with the COVID-19. So much the UN, as Regional Organisms, some countries, Foundations and ONG, dedicated funds, human resources and materials, to try to alleviate and/or to solve as much as possible, the penuries that these tragedies bring harnessed(2) Although there are some results, these cooperation are not always used or taken advantage totally, mainly looking for a bigger sustainable and some impacts that last in the time, where to achieve it becomes indispensable a national and local strategy, of the receiving country. The experiences lived in that country, during two years of work in the field of the health, it has allowed me to reason that Haiti requires of a program of integral development that through different projects with national and external funds, and with an appropriate politics of the authorities of the country, assist the fundamental problems of the same one(3) In 1890, the British economist Alfred Marshall, being ahead a little to the concept of health of the OMS, it sentenced, ´´LA PHYSICAL, SPIRITUAL AND MORAL STRENGTH, is THE BASE OF WEALTH SOCIAL,Y IF THIS it is ADMINISTERED WISELY, it will INCREASE THAT HEALTH AND STRENGTH ´

KEYWORDS: Social, Economy, State of Health, International Cooperation

1. Methods

Made rising, in consultation with different National and International Organisms resided in Haiti, collaborating countries, local authorities, community leaders, university students in Haiti, Haitian doctors and of other countries, personalities of the culture, religious leaders and the population's segments, added this author's personal experiences who the whole country could travel.

With these results, and assisting to the different ones DECISIVE that influence in the state of the population's health, you proceeded to the use of the methodology of the Logical Focus,(4) building the trees of problems and of objectives, as well as the main activities to develop, to put in evidence with more precision the causes, their effects and the form of facing them for their modification.

The situation presented in the tree of problems, its causes and its effects, is to revert them with activities, to transform into positive results, with the following actions. These are those of a basic influence, although they exist other, as the vulnerability before natural disasters, the employment and the square hygienic sanitarium.

PROSPECTIVE RESULT: Diminished the morbimortalidad

Fundamental activities:

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PROSPECTIVE RESULT: Favored the square hygienic sanitarium

Fundamental activities:

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PROSPECTIVE RESULT: - Attention differed to the environment

Fundamental activities:

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PROSPECTIVE RESULT: Good use of arable lands

Fundamental activities:

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PROSPECTIVE RESULT: Enriched the educational level

Fundamental activities

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PROSPECTIVE RESULT: Enlarged the productive sphere

Fundamental activities:

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PROSPECTIVE RESULT: High the level of the population's entrance

Fundamental activities:

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PROSPECTIVE RESULT: Diminished vulnerability before natural disasters

Fundamental activities:

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2. Conclusions and Comments

To achieve the good development of this program, it becomes indispensable the participation of the Haitian authorities, to approve, to facilitate and also to contribute, lacking the womb of activities where it is specified in each task, WHERE WHO AND AS.

It is important to keep in mind the critical points to work in extension or depth, according to the priorities to short, medium and I release term, what would allow to face the most pressing problems, and to go creating the bases for superior steps that offer a sustainable in the time.

Of he/she comes off it that, if all these problems cannot be approached at the same time, one could work with a first approach.

Next, some comments on determined prospective results.

Diminished the morbimortalidad

Examples:

The Program of Primary Attention of Health,(5) it becomes indispensable, and although the hospital attendance is very important, and in Haiti they exist many illnesses and people that to cure, he/she should leave working parallel in going creating a net of Primary Attention of Health, that arrives to remote places and a high number of people.

This program of having a strong promotion component and education for the health, forming selected promoters of health of the own communities. The preparation of Sanitary personal would be also of a lot of benefit, to be used in the vaccination against the illnesses inmunoprevenibles.

All this will go allowing to brake progressively, the appearance of some illnesses that you/they constitute the main load of illnesses of the country, achieving decrease in the Secondary Attention, contributing to the sustainable of the System of Health.

The other crucial topic is that of the acquisition of the medications, basic pillar for the treatment indicated by the doctors. Regrettably this aspect is an important limitation for the population, for the prices of the mark medications, and the poor person witnesses of the generic ones. In this case and I eat experience of other countries, it would be beneficial to enable popular pharmacies of the saving, alone with generic medications / essentials, with affordable prices (6)

High the level of the population's revenues

Examples:

Going assisting the development of the agriculture, the local industry, the fishing and the construction, will generate employment sources, and consequently of the revenues.

It is of urgency to give him an attention differentiated to the deficit of the residence bottom that can be alleviated using the force of work unemployed, building for themselves, also for agricultural and productive activities, with different alternative, as collective ships, housings of low cost, buildings family , etc.

To apply politics of the population's to separate , from the capital and other very populated cities, under conditions of extreme poverty , toward the places where they can be developed.

We are certain industry of the Haitians, when they have with which, not alone we appreciate it in Haiti, but rather we were also witness, like in places that were border with Republic Of the Dominican Republic,(7) where daily they crossed the frontier to work in the construction of a great hospital and in the agriculture, making it with readiness and quality.

Diminished the vulnerability before natural disasters

Examples:

The experiences that we had, with the 4 hurricanes that whipped Haiti during the 2008, put in evidence that the country practically was in zero before those situations In that sense, an Organ Rector of the activity should be created that can receive so much advice of the specialized International Organisms, as of the countries with a lot of experience on the topic in question.

It should be endowed to the country with the means and indispensable instruments that allow the measure and prevention, with the Early Alert, as well as the elaboration of the plans for Contingency, Evacuation and creation of Reservations.

Starting from the national authorities with the possibilities that it counts the country, with the competition of the national managers, and of group with the international cooperation, you could attack this program.

It is necessary to highlight that that international cooperation has been and it is represented, not alone for the agencies of the system of United Nations, but also that of some countries that you/they have come carrying out work strategies that you/they are part of what the country needs, without stopping some ONG to mention in a bilateral way that if they take to the true practice its mission.

To leave the metaphoric expression that it is NECESSARY to BUILD A BRIDGE OF HUMAN VOICES SO THAT THE WILLS can CROSS THE TURBULENT WATERS THAT DROWN THE SOUL DE HAITI.

Now more than ever, he/she needs it.

THE HOPE

Walking for Carrefour, Commune more densely populated, with more affectation environmental and extreme poverty of Port Prince, the capital of Haiti, I could appreciate the state of the built shacks with cardboard, canvases and nylon, where people's thousands are harbored with the worst accumulation and conditions of life.

In their environment, the waters sewers cover all the access roads, and the animals try in vain to find something that satiates their famine.

Suddenly, I saw an almost adolescent girl, with a rosy dress that sure their mother acquired to the price that she could already pay for clothes used in the informal market, taking pains in preparing it the best thing possible.

The girl walked without shoes for those cloudy waters and to him the same as the rest of the children of that Commune, wise of where leave, where I/you/he/she was without knowing toward where to go, but she didn't want to be given for conquered, and with her dress of pink color but without small shoes, she decided to cross the obstacles trying to find the one on the way to the HOPE (8)

References

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How to Cite This Article

Casulo, J.C. 2020. Proposal Programs of Development Integral for the Republic De Haiti. OAJRC Social Science; 2(1):1-5.

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